Tinnitus Causes and Treatment

Tinnitus Causes and Treatment

Tinnitus has multiple causes and multiple solutions!

As audiologists, we are trained to identify, diagnose, and manage or treat disorders of the inner ear. One of the most common disorders we help treat and manage is called tinnitus.

Tinnitus is commonly described by our patients as ringing or buzzing in the ears that can vary from low to high-pitched. The noise can be present in one or both ears, and it may be constant or returning. Tinnitus is a common problem affecting over 50 million Americans, according to the American Tinnitus Association. It can be caused by a number of health conditions such as ear and sinus infections, hormonal changes in women, brain tumors, head injuries, diseases of the heart or blood vessels, noise-induced hearing loss, Ménière’s disease, and thyroid abnormalities. Most often, however, tinnitus is not a sign of a serious health-related issue. But, if the noise is loud or prolonged, it can affect concentration and cause emotional turmoil. Like we tell our patients, if you are suffering with tinnitus, it’s important to understand the causes and what you can do about it. 

The Three Most Common Causes of Tinnitus 

Hearing Loss — Ninety percent of people who have sensorineural hearing loss also report tinnitus. This form of hearing loss is natural and tends to be bilateral (in both ears). If you are noticing that you are unable to hear high-frequency sounds, you may have age-related hearing loss. This type of hearing loss is sometimes accompanied by tinnitus.

Noise-induced hearing loss — Tinnitus can be caused by noise-induced hearing loss. This means that your tinnitus developed after extended exposure to noisy environments. People who work in factories or at construction sites or who commonly attend loud concerts may develop this type of hearing loss. Such noisy environments can slowly damage the tiny sensory hair cells in your inner ears that transmit sound to the brain, resulting in hearing loss and ringing sounds and sensations.

Traumatic Brain Injuries — Another common cause of tinnitus is traumatic brain injury (TBI). Motor vehicle accidents, falls, and assaults can damage the brain and cause the sensation of ringing or buzzing within the ears. Even if the brain injury did not cause the tinnitus, some medications used to treat cognitive problems are associated with the development of tinnitus. This type of mild TBI most often affects active-duty service members. In fact, according to an article published by Military Medicine, U.S. military members have 32.3% prevalence from all causes and can be linked to PTSD. 

Treatment Options

Many times, those who suffer with tinnitus assume that there is nothing that can be done to alleviate their symptoms. This is not true. If you are experiencing a loud or consistent case of tinnitus, you should seek a professional assessment. Audiologists are trained to understand and recommend solutions for many hearing-related problems. 

Although no available treatment can entirely cure tinnitus, certain management techniques can be used to lessen its effects. These techniques include retraining therapy, tinnitus activities treatment, cognitive behavioral therapy, and other psychologically based therapy approaches. The amplification of hearing aids may even work to reduce the ringing. To determine which treatment method works best for you, we will review your medical and psychological history as well as your lifestyle practices, including diet, sleep, and exercise. We may also have you complete a tinnitus assessment that measures your ability to match pitch and loudness to the sounds created by your tinnitus. The test also determines what sounds can be used to mask or suppress the phantom noises. Through these tests, audiologists can determine an approach to managing your tinnitus that works best for your specific case.  

The Next Step

Why suffer with tinnitus when we are here in Ellicott City to help lessen your symptoms? Reach out to Clarity Audiology today to set up an appointment, or schedule it yourself right now on our website! We can’t wait to meet you and help you achieve peace of mind.


Clifford, Royce E., Dewleen Baker, Victoria B. Risbrough, Mingxiong Huang, and Kate A. Yurgi. “Impact of TBI, PTSD, and Hearing Loss on Tinnitus Progression in a US Marine Cohort.” Military Medicine: 839-846. https://watermark.silverchair.com.

Myers, Paula J., James A. Henry, Tara L. Zaugg, and Caroline J. Kendall. “Tinnitus Evaluation and Management Considerations for Persons with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.” American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Published April 2009. https://www.asha.org/articles/tinnitus-evaluation-and-management-considerations-for-persons-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury/.

“Tinnitus.” Cleveland Clinic. Clevelandclinic.org. Accessed August 8, 2021. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14164-tinnitus.

Spankovich, Christopher. “Tinnitus – Developing a Practical Management Protocol.” AudiologyOnline. Accessed August 8, 2021. 

“Understanding the Facts.” American Tinnitus Association. Accessed August 8, 2021. https://www.ata.org/understanding-facts.

Trust the Experts at Clarity Audiology & Hearing Solutions

Need help with your hearing? Clarity Hearing can help. Clarity Audiology & Hearing Solutions is an independently owned and operated clinic that focuses on quality of care and personalized, friendly service to the surrounding areas of Ellicott City, Catonsville, Columbia. Our Doctors of Audiology are highly trained with advanced degrees and take the time to provide the personalized care and attention that you need and deserve. We provide advanced hearing aid options that are personally calibrated with cutting-edge digital technology to fit your hearing loss, your unique ear anatomy, and your individual listening needs.

You can call us today to schedule a FREE Hearing Protection Consultation at 410-698-6594! For more blog posts, news, and updates, follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and LinkedIn.

This entry was posted on Friday, August 27th, 2021 at 5:19 pm. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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Clarity Audiology & Hearing Solutions, LLC provides hearing evaluations and tinnitus evaluations to patients in Ellicott City, Columbia, Catonsville, Baltimore, Sykesville and all of Howard, Carroll and Baltimore County. Contact Clarity Audiology & Hearing Solutions, LLC at 410-698-6594 to schedule a tinnitus evaluation or hearing evaluation.

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